React Hooks equivalents on Component Lifecycle.

Davi Figueiredo Davi Figueiredo Follow Dec 31, 2019 · 2 mins read
React Hooks equivalents on Component Lifecycle.

In React 16.8, the Hooks were introduced to reduce the complexity of the components lifecycle. This enables us to create components without visual logic (like React Router, that forces us to render a element).

The useEffect() function runs every time that a component renders unless you specify the variables to watch.

constructor(props)

The constructor creates the initial state of the component. You can set the this.state to create initial values.

To do the same in React Hooks, you need to use a useState() function that returns an array with two elements: a variable that represents the state and a function to update the state.

The argument passed to useState() represents the initial state of the component.

const [ variable, setVariable ] = useState(false) 

render()

Basically, the component returns the elements that you want to render.

export function MyComponent(props) {
	return (
		<Button />
	)
}

It is easy to handle inputs!

This is the simple it can gets

export function MyInput (props) {
	const [name, setName] = useState('Davi')
	return (
		<input 
			type="text"
			value = {name}
			onChange = {e => setName(e.target.value) }
		/>
	)
}

componentDidMount()

Passing an empty array as last argument makes it only runs when component mounts for the first time. This locks the fuction for no dependencies.

useEffect(()=> {
//...code
},[]) 

componentDidUpdate()

Passing the variable to the second argument makes it run when the variable is updated using setState().

const [variable, setVariable] = useState(false) // false is the default state. 

useEffect( () => {
//...code
}, [variable] )

Whenever you use setVariable(true), the useEffect() function will run again.

componentWillUnmount()

useEffect() can return a function that runs before every subsequent call of the same useEffect instance.

useEffect( () => {
	return () => {
		//... code
	}
}, [])

componentShouldUpdate()

useEffect( () => {
	return () => {
		//... code
	}
},[variable])
Davi Figueiredo
Written by Davi Figueiredo
IT Manager and Full-Stack Developer, enthusiast of decentralization. Designer, musician, and bodybuilder in free time.